Origin of Surname
There are differing opinions about the origins of this very old surname, which came to the Channel Islands from Normandy. Noms de Famille de Normandie suggests that it started out as a medieval personal name 'Maugier', derived from the Germanic personal name 'Madalgari', a combination of madal (gathering together, or advice) and -gari (lance). Alternatively it comes from the Germanic 'Amalgari', which has a similar derivation.
These options are confirmed by our other major French source, probably consistent with Jersey sources which say that Mauger was the Norman form of the Frankish Maethelgaer.
It is elsewhere suggested that this is a name of different Germanic origins - a medieval nickname which derived from the word 'meger' and described a tall, thin, person, or possibly given the robust humour of the 14th century, the complete reverse.
The surname Mauger is one of the oldest in the Channel Islands. It is believed to have originated from Archbishop Mauger de Rouen, the uncle of William the Conqueror. The name appears in Jersey in the Short Inquisition of 1274.
Malger, Mager, or Mauger, is a name that occurs very early in the histories of both Jersey and Guernsey. Tradition, handed down for several centuries, states that the family owed its origin to Malgerius, Malger, or Mauger, Archbishop of Rouen and son of Richard II, Duke of Normandy, who, for his evil life was refused the pallium by the Pope, and for revolt against his nephew, William the Conqueror, was by him degraded and exiled, and retired in 1055 to Guernsey, where he became enamoured of a damsel named Gisella or Guille. From this amour, adds the same tradition, spring the two local families of Mauger and Guille.
In 1331 Richard Mauger was a landholder in the parish of Grouville, Jersey.
In the reign of Henry V, Jacques Mauger, said to have been a Guernseyman, had conferred on him the Seigneurie of Bosques, in Normandy, with the arms thereto belonging, for successfully storming tlie Castle of Moutmartin, on the night of 25 June 1419, with his men from the island.
The family of Mauger of Jobourg, in Normandy, derives its source from Jersey.
There are several families in England of similar name, and bearing the same arms. One of these, represented by the late John-Pemberthy Magor, of Eedruth, was settled in very early times in North Wales, where it was sufficiently wealthy and important to give its name to the town of Magor. Thence its members migrated, some to Ireland and others to Cornwall, in which latter county the family possesses the important manor bearing its own name.
A younger branch of the house of Major, of Hursley, near Winchester, descended from that of Mauger of Handois, in Jersey, is represented by the Rev Seymour Edward Major.
Branches of the insular family are represented by George Mauger, of St Lawrence, and by James Marcus Mauger, of St Helier.
This is one of those Jersey surnames of French origin which has lost its original pronunciation in favour of an anglicised version.
What should properly be sounded 'maw-jair' is now pronounced as major, but as noted below, the family whose name is spelt Major, and for which records are included on this page, is a distinct one.
- Mauger, 1309
- Maugier, 1299
- Mager 1528
- Maugère, found in France
- Major - not strictly a variant but records included on this page for convenience
- Descendants of George Mauger of Handois
- Descendants of Jean Mauger and Marie Le Bailly
- Descendants of Philippe Mauger and Rachel Anley
- Descendants of Richard Mauger (1736- )
- Descendants of Helier Mauger
- Descendants of Jean and Rachel Mauger
- Descendants of Noel Mauger
- Descendants of Thomas Mauger
- Descendants of Daniel Mauger Added 2018
- Descendants of Edouard Mauger Added 2018
- Descendants of Jean Mauger Added 2020
- Descendants of Pierre Mauger Added 2021
- Major baptisms in Jersey
- Major marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Major marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Major burials in Jersey
- Mauger baptisms in Jersey
- Mauger marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Mauger marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Mauger burials in Jersey
How two references to members of the Mauger family set in train investigations into how one member became a successful, if not 'squeaky clean' businessman in Canada and then a Member of Parliament, and how another, married to a famous figure in English history, was probably descended from the Jersey family.
- Joshua Mauger, businessman and Member of Parliament
- Samuel Mauger - Australian social reformer, son of Guernsey immigrants
- Was Richard Cromwell married to the grand-daughter of a Jerseyman?
- Mauger family members mentioned in a major history of privateering
Société Jersiaise Library records
- Bertram records in La Société Jersiaise Library, including references to members of the Mauger family Added 2018
Great War service
- Mauger family members who served in World War 1
- Elise Mauger: A volunteer nurse who served in a makeshift military hospital in France
Family photograph album
Ann Susan Mauger, born in St Brelade in 1870, married Philip Samuel Renouf (1861-1935). They had seven children. The middle one, Alfred John, born in 1894, lost his life in the Great War, killed in action in the Somme in 1918
Click on any image to see a larger version. See the Jerripedia gravestone image collection page for more information about our gravestone photographs
Great War casualty Machine Gun Corps Private Philip Edward Mauger's grave in St Ouen churchyard
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